Perform a hypertension evaluation. This evaluation is to be done only if medically approved. The purpose of this learning experience is to understand the bodies’ basic response to exercise. Take a resting blood pressure. After taking the blood pressure take your blood pressure while doing moderate to vigorous aerobic exercise. On another occasion take your blood pressure after doing mild- moderate arm curls, also mild- moderate bench press, then take your blood pressure after doing mild to moderate leg extension and leg press. Explain what happened and why the reading might have been different. See what happens when you hold your breath. Consider what influence supine has over seated bench press, or seated leg press vs. inverted leg press. After doing this self evaluation design a comprehensive exercise program for a hypertensive 50 year old male with a resting BP of 145/92. Explain why every exercise is included.
Expert Solution Preview
Hypertension is a medical condition that affects a large section of the population. This learning experience is designed to help the medical college students understand how the body response to exercise in hypertension patients. In this assignment, the students are required to take a resting blood pressure and blood pressure while doing moderate to vigorous aerobic exercise, mild-moderate arm curls, bench press, leg extension and leg press. After this self-evaluation, students will design a comprehensive exercise program for a hypertensive 50-year-old male with a resting BP of 145/92.
1. Explain what happened and why the reading might have been different.
During moderate to vigorous aerobic exercise, the blood pressure will increase as the heart pumps more blood to meet oxygen demands of body tissues. This results in an increase in systolic blood pressure, whereas the diastolic blood pressure remains the same or may decrease slightly. On the other hand, during mild-moderate arm curls, bench press, leg extension and leg press, the blood pressure will initially increase but will decrease after 2-3 minutes of exercise. This is due to the muscles requiring less oxygen and less blood flow after the initial phase of exercise. The readings might have been different due to the different demands of these exercises on the cardiovascular system.
2. See what happens when you hold your breath.
Holding breath leads to a temporary increase in blood pressure response due to an increase in peripheral resistance. This occurs as the oxygen demand increases, and the body is unable to deliver sufficient oxygen to the muscles. As a result, the body triggers the release of catecholamines, which increase blood pressure to ensure oxygen delivery.
3. Consider what influence supine has over seated bench press, or seated leg press vs. inverted leg press.
In a supine position, the blood pressure decreases as there is less resistance to blood flow. During the seated bench press, the blood pressure may temporarily increase due to the muscular effort required to lift the weights. During the seated leg press, the blood pressure may also increase temporarily due to the increased demand for oxygen by the muscles. In the inverted leg press, the blood pressure may increase more significantly due to the increased venous return and the effects of gravity on blood flow.
4. Design a comprehensive exercise program for a hypertensive 50 year old male with a resting BP of 145/92.
The exercise program should be designed to include aerobic exercise, strength training, and flexibility exercises. Aerobic exercises such as brisk walking, cycling, and swimming should be conducted for 30 minutes, at least five days a week. The strength training can include moderate-intensity weightlifting exercises for large muscle groups, including bench press, leg press, and arm curls. Flexibility exercises, including stretching, should be incorporated to warm up and cool down. The program should be progressive in nature, where the frequency, intensity, and duration are gradually increased over a period of time. Every exercise is included to increase blood and oxygen flow to the muscles, lower resting heart rate and blood pressure, improve arterial compliance, and prevent cardiovascular diseases.
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